Medical intelligence


Viral myocarditis

By Uwe Kühl and Heinz-Peter Schultheiss − The term myocarditis describes inflammatory disorders of the heart muscle of varied infectious and non-infectious origins. It can be caused by any kind of infection, drugs, toxic substances, or be … [read more ...]

© Wavebreakmedia Ltd |

Asking about adherence – from flipping the coin to strong evidence

By Tracy R. Glass and  Matthias Cavassini − The World Health Organization (WHO) defines adherence as “the extent to which a person’s behaviour – taking medications, following diet and/or executing lifestyle changes – corresponds with … [read more ...]

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Current opinion


The current role of imaging in head and neck cancer: a clinician’s perspective

Imaging head and neck cancer is crucial for treatment decisions and follow-up of patients. The choice of the appropriate imaging modality for ­staging and re-staging head and neck cancer can be troublesome. This review highlights the important … [read more...]

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"Human neutrophil ingesting MRSA" by National Institutes of Health (NIH) - National Institutes of Health (NIH). Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons

Abnormal flora and infection in critically ill patients

By Peter H.J. van der Voort − All critically ill patients go through a period of inflammatory response as they suffer from tissue injury caused by infection, trauma, surgical procedure, pancreatitis, ischaemia or burn. The inflammation can be measured by high levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (e.g., IL-6, TNF-α) and the hyper metabolic state. A paradox […]

Review articles

© Sebastian Kaulitzki |;

The painful primary hip replacement

By Csaba Forster-Horvath, Christian Egloff, Victor Valderrabano, Andrej M. Nowakowski − Patient satisfaction after total hip replacement is ­reported to be high, but subsequent chronic pain may be problematic. The rate of revision procedures due … [read more ...]

«Human neutrophil ingesting MRSA» by National Institutes of Health (NIH) – National Institutes of Health (NIH). ­Licensed ­under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Enterococci, Clostridium difficile and ESBL-producing bacteria: ­epidemiology, clinical impact and prevention in ICU patients

By Jan A. Sidler, Manuel Battegay, Sarah Tschudin-Sutter, Andreas F. Widmer and Maja Weisser − Most hospital-acquired infections arise from colonising bacteria. Intensive care patients and immunocompromised individuals are at highest risk for … [read more ...]

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Original articles


Butorphanol pre-treatment prevents myoclonus induced by etomidate

By He L, Ding Y, Chen H, Qian Y, Li Z − Some opioids can decrease etomidate-induced myoclonics, but with the cost of clinically distressing side effects. … [read more ...]

© Gabriel Blaj |

Medical decision-making capacity

By Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel, Christine Mitchell and Nikola Biller-Andorno − The conceptual and practical challenges of decision-making capacity are far from being resolved. There is a clear need for more guidance in this area in the form of … [read more ...]


Outcome of extremely low gestational age newborns following a pro-active treatment approach

By Davide Morgillo, et al. − Major advances in perinatal care have led to significantly improved survival rates of extremely low gestational age neonates (gestational age <28 weeks) over the last three decades. Concerns have been raised whether … [read more ...]

© Caranica Nicolae,;

Can abstinence during early adulthood lead to alcohol problems?

By Marc Dupuis, et al. − Despite the fact that frequent risky single occasion drinking during early adulthood is a well known predictor of further alcohol problems, young alcohol abstention has rarely been studied in terms of further alcohol … [read more ...]

© Alexander Raths |

Advance directives and the impact of timing

By Ina Carola Otte, Corinna Jung, Bernice Simone Elger, Klaus Bally − Other studies have shown that different biases such as vague language can affect the quality of advance directives. Our study fills a gap in that it explores attitudes towards … [read more ...]


Hospital disaster preparedness in Switzerland

By Fabrice Dami, Bertrand Yersin, Alexandre H. Hirzel, Olivier Hugli − Hospital preparedness has become a major public health concern, especially since the terrorist attacks in September 2001 in the USA. Our research is the first to offer a global … [read more ...]

© Photographerlondon |;

Toward standardised documentation in psychiatric evaluations

By Urban Schwegler,Claudio Peter, Jessica Anner and Bruno Trezzini− In recent years, psychiatric evaluations of medical work capacity have been increasingly criticised for poor standardisation and low transparency. The list of candidate ICF … [read more ...]

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